The Definition of Taqwa
The Arabic word for the “fear of Allah” is Taqwa. It comes from the root word meaning “to protect from something, to prevent”.
Indeed, a person fears Allah & His wrath by seeking to prevent Allah’s punishment. This is exhibited by willfully avoiding actions which lead to Allah’s anger and disapproval while consciously performing actions that will please Allah. This is a struggle which requires full effort.
Taqwa lives in the heart. It is an action of the heart as a result of which we behave correctly. Taqwa also contextually means to stand guard over one’s heart against the onslaught of what does not relate to Allah (S.W.T.) It further means to keep the heart filled with the remembrance of Allah and the desire to seek his pleasure.
Khawf or fear is a painful condition in the heart. It arises as a result of thinking something reprehensible and the fear of it materializing. The nature of fear consists of the possibility of punishment”itab”. This intellectual fear “khawf aqli” governs our parameters. Without parameters the ego or nafs will be on an open leash. It is the heart that controls the nafs.
Taqwa also means to live life with Ihsaan. Giving extra and expecting less
The following noble qualities are granted to those with taqwa:
- and Rida-contentment.
Taqwa is our friend in need; Our solid Rock that Rocks Us
The reward of taqwa is manifold and stipulated in the ayahs below. Scholars say that two fears can never combine. The fear of Allah and the fear of the Day of Judgment.
Taqwa is a Quranic obligation
Allah, the Exalted, says:
“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared”. (3:102)
“So, keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can…” (64:16)
This second Verse explains the meaning of the first one.
“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth”. (33:70)
“… And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine…” (65:2,3)
“If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan [(a criterion to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e., a way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you; and Allah is the Owner of the great bounty”. (8:29)